The conformation of a beef cow's teats and udder are important in a profitable cow/calf enterprise. Females with poor udder and teat conformation are a management challenge for commercial cow/calf producers. Cattle producers do not have the time or labor to manage around cows that need intervention at calving to physically 'milk-out' a quarter(s) so that the calf can suckle or to save the quarter from infection. Research findings in two experiments indicates that the occurrence of clinical mastitis in beef cow herds was 17.5% and 11.9% resulting in a reduction in weaning weights of 12.5% and 7.3%, respectively. Poor udder and teat conformation can potentially lead to increased calf sickness as teats may be contaminated with mud and debris from a lot or calving area before the calf suckles. Although selecting and culling based on conformation of teats and udders may be considered convenience trait selection, selecting against poor teats and udders increases profit potential by increasing calf performance, reducing calf sickness, increasing longevity of the cow, and reducing labor inputs. Udder and teat conformation is moderately heritable (h2 of udder attachment = 0.2 to 0.3; h2 of teat size = 0.5), so enhancing teat and udder quality can be accomplished by selecting bulls who's female offspring have good teat and udder conformation and by not selecting replacement heifers from dams that have marginal teat and udder conformation. When selecting bulls from your seedstock provider, request the udder score of his dam or visually appraise the udder of the dam to help reduce undesirable udder conformation in your herd.
Copyright Information & License Agreement
END-USER LICENSE AGREEMENT FOR NUBeef-UTS IOS APP.
IMPORTANT PLEASE READ THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THIS LICENSE AGREEMENT CAREFULLY BEFORE CONTINUING WITH THIS PROGRAM INSTALLATION.
UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA - LINCOLN EXTENSION NUBeef-UTS iOS APP
End-User License Agreement ("EULA") is a legal agreement between you (either an individual or a single entity) and THE BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA for the UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA - LINCOLN EXTENSION NUBeef-UTS iOS APP(s) identified above which may include associated software components, media, printed materials, and "online" or electronic documentation ("NUBeef-UTS iOS APP"). By installing, copying, or otherwise using the NUBeef-UTS iOS APP, you agree to be bound by the terms of this EULA. This license agreement represents the entire agreement concerning the program between you and THE BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA, (referred to as "licenser"), and it supersedes any prior proposal, representation, or understanding between the parties. If you do not agree to the terms of this EULA, do not install or use the NUBeef-UTS iOS APP.
The NUBeef-UTS iOS APP is protected by copyright laws and international copyright treaties, as well as other intellectual property laws and treaties. The NUBeef-UTS iOS APP is licensed, not sold.
1. GRANT OF LICENSE.
The NUBeef-UTS iOS APP is licensed as follows:
(a) Installation and Use.
THE BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA grants you the right to install and use copies of the NUBeef-UTS iOS APP on your iOS device running a validly licensed copy of the operating system for which the NUBeef-UTS iOS APP was designed [iOS 4.3 or greater].
(b) Backup Copies.
You may also make copies of the NUBeef-UTS iOS APP as may be necessary for backup and archival purposes.
2. DESCRIPTION OF OTHER RIGHTS AND LIMITATIONS.
(a) Maintenance of Copyright Notices.
You must not remove or alter any copyright notices on any and all copies of the NUBeef-UTS iOS APP.
You may not distribute registered copies of the NUBeef-UTS iOS APP to third parties.
(c) Prohibition on Reverse Engineering, Decompilation, and Disassembly.
You may not reverse engineer, decompile, or disassemble the NUBeef-UTS iOS APP, except and only to the extent that such activity is expressly permitted by applicable law notwithstanding this limitation.
You may not rent, lease, or lend the NUBeef-UTS iOS APP.
(e) Support Services.
THE BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA may provide you with support services related to the NUBeef-UTS iOS APP ("Support Services"). Any supplemental software code provided to you as part of the Support Services shall be considered part of the NUBeef-UTS iOS APP and subject to the terms and conditions of this EULA.
(f) Compliance with Applicable Laws.
You must comply with all applicable laws regarding use of the NUBeef-UTS iOS APP.
Without prejudice to any other rights, THE BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA may terminate this EULA if you fail to comply with the terms and conditions of this EULA. In such event, you must destroy all copies of the NUBeef-UTS iOS APP in your possession.
All title, including but not limited to copyrights, in and to the NUBeef-UTS iOS APP and any copies thereof are owned by THE BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA or its suppliers. All title and intellectual property rights in and to the content which may be accessed through use of the NUBeef-UTS iOS APP is the property of the respective content owner and may be protected by applicable copyright or other intellectual property laws and treaties. This EULA grants you no rights to use such content. All rights not expressly granted are reserved by THE BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA.
5. NO WARRANTIES
THE BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA expressly disclaims any warranty for the NUBeef-UTS iOS APP. The NUBeef-UTS iOS APP is provided 'As Is' without any express or implied warranty of any kind, including but not limited to any warranties of merchantability, noninfringement, or fitness of a particular purpose. THE BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA does not warrant or assume responsibility for the accuracy or completeness of any information, text, graphics, links or other items contained within the NUBeef-UTS iOS APP. THE BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA makes no warranties respecting any harm that may be caused by the transmission of a computer virus, worm, time bomb, logic bomb, or other such computer program. THE BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA further expressly disclaims any warranty or representation to Authorized Users or to any third party.
6. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
In no event shall THE BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA be liable for any damages (including, without limitation, lost profits, business interruption, or lost information) rising out of 'Authorized Users' use of or inability to use the NUBeef-UTS iOS APP, even if THE BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA has been advised of the possibility of such damages. In no event will THE BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA be liable for loss of data or for indirect, special, incidental, consequential (including lost profit), or other damages based in contract, tort or otherwise. THE BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA shall have no liability with respect to the content of the NUBeef-UTS iOS APP or any part thereof, including but not limited to errors or omissions contained therein, libel, infringements of rights of publicity, privacy, trademark rights, business interruption, personal injury, loss of privacy, moral rights or the disclosure of confidential information.